amphiphilic molecules

амфифильные молекулы или амфифилы
молекулы, содержащие гидрофильные и гидрофобные области, при растворении в воде формируют высокомолекулярные агрегаты или мицеллы

English-Russian Biotechnology Glossary. . 2007.

Смотреть что такое "amphiphilic molecules" в других словарях:

  • amphiphilic — adjective Date: 1948 of, relating to, or being a compound (as a surfactant) consisting of molecules having a polar water soluble group attached to a water insoluble hydrocarbon chain; also being a molecule of such a compound • amphiphile noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amphiphilic — SYN: amphipathic. [amphi + G. philos, fond] * * * am·phi·phil·ic .am fə fil ik adj of, relating to, consisting of, or being one or more molecules (as of a glycolipid or sphingolipid) in a biological membrane having a polar water soluble terminal… …   Medical dictionary

  • amphiphilic — ˌ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˈfilik adjective Etymology: amphi + philic : of, relating to, consisting of, or being one or more molecules (as of a glycolipid or sphingolipid) in a biological membrane having a polar water soluble terminal group attached to a water… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cell — cell1 cell like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of the… …   Universalium

  • Amphiphile — (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a term describing a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties. Such a compound is called amphiphilic or amphipathic. This forms the basis… …   Wikipedia

  • Abiogenesis — Primordial soup redirects here. For the board game, see Primordial Soup (board game). Origin of life redirects here. For views on the origins of life outside the natural sciences, see Creation myth. Pre Cambrian stromatolites in the Siyeh… …   Wikipedia

  • Liquid crystal — Schlieren texture of liquid crystal nematic phase Liquid crystals (LCs) are a state of matter that have properties between those of a conventional liquid and those of a solid crystal.[1] For instance, an LC may flow like a liquid, but its… …   Wikipedia

  • Lyotropic liquid crystal — A liquid crystalline material is called lyotropic if phases having long ranged orientational order are induced by the addition of a solvent. Historically the term was used to describe materials composed of amphiphilic molecules. Such molecules… …   Wikipedia

  • Life Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Zoology       In 2008 several zoological studies provided new insights into how species life history traits (such as the timing of reproduction or the length of life of adult individuals) are derived in part as responses to… …   Universalium

  • Lyotropic — A material is called lyotropic if it forms liquid crystal phases because of the addition of a solvent. Historically the term was used to describe materials composed of amphiphilic molecules. Such molecules comprise a water loving hydrophilic head …   Wikipedia

  • Biochemistry — For the journal, see Biochemistry (journal). Biological Chemistry redirects here. For the journal formerly named Biological Chemistry Hoppe Seyler, see Biological Chemistry (journal). Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the… …   Wikipedia

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